Important Modern and Vintage Timepieces

Geneva, Mar 11, 2012

LOT 201

ROBIN MONTH-GOING TABLE REGULATOR WITH EQUATION OF TIME Robin Fils à Paris. Dated 1802. Extremely fine and important, month-going, mahogany and gilt-bronze, center-seconds table regulator with meantime and solar equation of time, annual calendar with months and number of days, one-minute remontoire d?égalité and gridiron pendulum with temperature indication.

CHF 50,000 - 70,000

USD 55,000 - 76,000 / EUR 40,000 - 58,000

Sold: CHF 134,500

C. Architectural polished mahogany, glazed on four sides and with very fi nely chased gilt-bronze rope-twist and stiffleaf mounts, top with gilt-bronze framed glazed aperture, both doors with concealed sprung locks, the front door with gilt bronze bezel, leaf and berry spandrels and swag below, stepped base with gilt-bronze acanthus mount, gilt-bronze block feet. D. White enamel with radial Roman numerals, inner minute track, outer equation of time scale and outermost months with their respective number of days and zodiac symbols. Fine gilt-brass hour hand with ?R? terminal, gilt-brass equation of time hand with sun terminal, blued steel calendar, minute and seconds hands. M. Twin interconnecting going barrels driving re-wind system for weight-driven one minute remontoire d?égalité mounted on the back plate, Graham-type dead beat escapement with fi ne beat adjustment to the crutch, pivoted knife edge suspension bracket secured to a gilt brass bracket for nine rod gridiron pendulum, the pendulum bob with temperature indication, equation of time kidney and calendar work mounted to the front plate under the dial; two brass weights. Movement signed Robin, dial made by Dubuisson. Dim. 45 x 24.5 x 19 cm.

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Grading System
Case: 2

Very good

Movement: 2*

Very good

Overhaul recommended, at buyer's expense

Dial: 2-24-01

Very good

Slightly chipped

HANDS Original


This clock is of extremely high quality, the gilt-bronze mounts are of the best fi nish, comparable to the clocks made by Robert Robin for Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette. It is a characteristic Robin clock of the design launched by him in 1777, with a classic endless-rope ?remontoire egalité? mechanism which frequently rewinds the weights to give a constant force to the escapement. Although the present clock is signed Robin Fils and dated 1802, and therefore belongs to the period of Robin?s son Jean-Joseph Robin, its design is fi rmly rooted in the Louis XVI style and dating from only just after the death of the elder Robin. Equation of Time With this type of Equation of Time display, the equation hand is concentric with the minute hand. The difference between the mean time and the solar time is shown by the ?Sun" hand which revolves, following or preceding the regular minute hand of the mean time. Equation of time indicates the time difference between the true solar day and the mean solar day (or time told by a clock or watch). It has two major causes. The fi rst is that the plane of the Earth's Equator is inclined to Earth?s orbital plane. The second is that the orbit of the Earth around the Sun is an ellipse and not a circle. Equation of Time due to Obliquity (the Earth's tilt). If the Earth's rotational axis was not tilted with respect to its orbit around the Sun, the apparent motion of the Sun along the Ecliptic would fall directly on the Equator, covering the same angles along the Equator in equal time. However, this is not the case, since the angular movement is not linear in terms of time because it changes as the Sun moves above and below the Equator. The projection of the Sun's motion onto the Equator will be at a maximum when its motion along the Ecliptic is parallel to the Equator (at the summer and winter solstices) and will be at a minimum at the equinoxes. Equation of Time due to Unequal Motion (the Earth's elliptical orbit). The orbit of the Earth around the Sun is an ellipse. The distance between the Earth and the Sun is at a minimum around December 31 and is greatest around July 1. The Sun's apparent longitude changes fastest when the Earth is closest to the Sun. The Sun will appear on the meridian at noon on these two dates and so the Equation of Time due to Unequal Motion will then be zero. The mean solar day, calculated by averaging all the days of the year, was invented by astronomers for convenience so that the solar day would always be 24 hours. True solar time and mean solar time coincide four times a year, on April 16, June 14, September 1, and December 25. On these days, the equation will equal zero. During the other 361 days, the equation of time must be used to indicate the difference between the two times, amounting over 16 minutes at certain times of year. The minimum difference occurs on November 1 with a loss of 16 minutes and 23 seconds and the maximum occurs on February 11 with an increase of 14 minutes 20 seconds. This positive and negative value is offset in the time of the local noon and those of sunrise and sunset. Equation of time, often represented by a fi gure eight, called an ?analemma?, can be approximated by the following formula: E = 9.87 * sin (2B) ? 7.53 * cos (B) ? 1.5 * sin (B) Where: B = 360 * (N-81) / 365 Where: N = day number, January 1 = day 1.