Important Collectors’ Wristwatches, P...

Hong Kong,the Ritz Carlton Hotel,harbour Room, 3rd Floor, Jun 02, 2007

LOT 179

?Extra, Bulletin d?Observatoire? Patek, Philippe & Cie., Genève, No. 177532, case No. 411101. Made in 1919, sold on June 15, 1927. Very fine and rare, 18K yellow gold keyless " EXTRA" pocket Chronometer pocket watch with Guillaume balance. ?Bulletin d?Observatoire? obtained on January 28th 1926. Accompanied by the Extract from the Archives and a copy of the Observatory bulletin.

HKD 120,000 - 140,000

USD 16,000 - 18,000 / EUR 12,000 - 14,000

C. Four-body, "bassine", polished, the back cover with engraved monogram. Hinged gold cuvette with dedication inscription. D. White enamel with Paris numerals, outer minute track, subsidiary seconds dial. Blued steel ?Breguet" hands. M. 43 mm., 19???, rhodiumplated, "fausses-côtes" decoration, engraved twice with the movement number, 21 jewels, wolf's tooth winding, straight-line counterpoised lever escapement, anibal-brass Guillaume balance with "winged" arms, gold temperature adjustment screws and platinum mean time screws, blued steel Breguet balance spring with inner and outer terminal curve, swan-neck micrometer regulator with index. Dial, case and movement signed. Diam. 50 mm. Property of an Italian Gentleman

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Grading System
Grade: AAA


Case: 3-12



Movement: 3*


Overhaul recommended, at buyer's expense

Dial: 3-01


HANDS Original


Anibal (Acier au NIckel pour BaLanciers) An alloy invented by the Nobel prize winner Dr. Charles Edouard Guillaume, it exhibits unusual properties, both in terms of thermal expansion and in changes in elasticity. These properties are very different from those of two other famous alloys invented by Guillaume, Invar and Elinvar. Around 1900 Guillaume attempted to eliminate the so-called middle temperature error caused by the fact that the change of rate in a timekeeper with a steelbrass bimetallic balance is approximately a linear function of temperature, while the change of rate caused by change in elasticity of a balance spring is approximately a quadratic function. Thus, it equals zero at only two temperatures, causing secondary error. Countless attempts were made to eliminate middle temperature error, usually by means of auxiliary compensation devices. In 1899, Guillaume noticed that steel with an addition of 44.4% nickel had a negative square coefficient of thermal expansion. This alloy, combined with brass in bimetallic lamina, makes its expansion close to quadratic. Balances with bimetallic rims made of anibal and brass are usually called Guillaume balances, or, as their inventor called them, integral balances. When combined with special balance springs, they exhibit remarkable temperature stability, on occasion not exceeding 1/50 second per day at 1oC.