“In view” chronograph
The modern chronograph, with functions “start”, “stop” and “return to zero”, was invented in London in 1861 by Adolphe Nicole (British invention patent No. 1 461 of May 14, 1862) and presented at the Universal Exhibition of London in 1862. Henri-Féréol Piguet (?-?), a watchmaker also from the Vallée de Joux – who then worked (1859-1861) for Nicole & Capt in London – will later claim paternity (1883).
In 1868, a Genevan watchmaker, Auguste Baud (1825-1894), decided to place the entire chronograph mechanism behind the calibre of the watch, which facilitates assembly and adjustment; this is called the “in view” chronograph.
Very quickly, he worked with Adrien Philippe (1815-1894), one of the founders of Patek Philippe, and together develop, in the years 1870-1880, many watches for the Genevan manufacture. In 1878, during the Universal Exhibition of Paris, Auguste Baud obtains a bronze medal for his invention.
Watchmakers from Geneva and the Vallée de Joux, but also from Besançon, adopt this invention and develop new products on this basis by adding, for example, time counters. These counters are available in thirty or sixty minutes, to which can be added a counter of hours, which allows long periods of time, such as the duration of a journey by train.