Important Modern & Vintage Timepieces.

Hong Kong, October 27, 2018

LOT 411

UNSIGNED, ATTRIBUTED TO HENRY CAPT OR PIGUET & CAPT "THE FORGE OF LOVE" - WATCH WITH AUTOMATON SCENE AND MUSIC

18K yellow gold, enamel pearl-set, open-face, key-winding, round-shaped, pocket watch with automata and music: Animated scene triggered upon request (activated by the button at 5 o'clock), with four functions, Musical train with a melody on a pinned drum with seven polished steel vibrating blades mounted in one stacks on the main-plate The scene depicting two cherubs busily working in a forge; one is forging weapons for Venus while another sharps the arrows. Royal blue flinqué enamel (translucent enamel over guilloché engine-turning) case-back.

Brand Unsigned

Year circa 1800-1805

Caliber 15'' gilded brass, with going barrel, cylinder escapement, monometallic balance and blued steel flat hairspring

Dimensions Ø 41.5 mm.

Signed unsigned

HKD 455,000 - 568,000

CHF 56,900 - 71,000 / USD 58,300 - 72,900

Sold: HKD 550,000


Grading System
Grade: Logo grading

Exceptional

Case: 3-74

Good

ENAMEL AND VARIOUS TYPES OF DECORATION Slightly restored hard enamel

Movement: 3*

Good

Overhaul recommended, at buyer's expense

Dial: 3-01

Good

HANDS Original


Notes

At the time, this kind of Genevan watch was often designed for export markets and mainly sold in China from Western trading posts (hongs): the Thirteen Factories (also known as the Canton Factories), a neighbourhood along the Pearl River in southwestern Canton (Guangzhou), province of Guangdong. An exactly similar watch is today kept in Patek Philippe Museum, Geneva (Inv. S-433). It is not impossible that these two watches were then marketed together! Contrary to the watches decorated with painted enamel scenes and intended for the Chinese market, the scenes of the automaton watches are never performed with a mirror effect; they are always made in the same direction. This is probably due to technical and financial reasons (cost of production, efficiency). The only known exception is a pair of object-watches in the shape of a perfume bottle (height: 20 cm.), signed by John Rich (born circa 1756, active in London and Geneva in the late-18th and early-19th century), also kept in Patek Philippe Museum, Geneva (Inv. S-144 a+b). For more information on watches made for the Chinese market, please refer to the following books: - Chapuis, Alfred (with coll. of Loup, Gustave), La montre chinoise. Relations de l'Horlogerie suisse avec la Chine, Neuchâtel, Editions Attinger Frères, 1919. - Tellier, Arnaud, & Didier, Mélanie, Le Miroir de la séduction, Prestigieuses paires de montres A"chinoises A" - The Mirror of Seduction, Prestigious pairs of "Chinese" Watches, Geneva, Patek Philippe Museum Editions, 2010. - Friess, Peter, Patek Philippe Museum, The Emergence of the Portable Watch, Geneva, Patek Philippe Museum Editions, 2015, vol. IV, p. 26. Henry-Daniel Capt (1773-1841) & Isaac-Daniel Piguet (1775-1841) Piguet & Capt (active between 1802 and 1811) Specialised in the production of complicated watches, musical and/or automaton scenes incorporated into watches, snuff-boxes or objects. Among the first in Geneva to use the musical mechanism with pinned cylinder and tuned teeth comb. From Ventôse 16, An X (March 7, 1802), to 1811, Henry-Daniel Capt (1773-1841) formed a partnership with Isaac-Daniel Piguet (1775-1841), who was from the same village - Le Chenit - as he in the Vallée de Joux. Their signature was Piguet & Capt. In 1811, when Piguet broke off to join Philippe-Samuel Meylan (1772-1845) in a new partnership, Henry-Daniel Capt continued to work on his own. Following this separation, Capt restarts a numbering of his movements in the 300. In 1830, he went into partnership with Aubert and Son, Place Bel-Air. Their signature was Aubert & Capt. They were among the first Genevan makers to produce watches with chronograph. In 1844, the workshop was at 108, rue Neuve in Geneva. It was then managed by Capt's son, Henry Capt Jr. After a short time, it moved to 85, rue de la Fusterie, and, in 1851, to 177, rue du Rhône. In 1880, the firm was bought by Gallopin and its name became H. Capt Horloger, Maison Gallopin Successeurs, a trademark registered on November 1, 1880, under the No. 44. This signature was only used for watches retailed in their own store, the watches supplied to other retailers being merely signed Henry Capt. Henry-Daniel Capt, along with Isaac-Daniel Piguet and Philippe-Samuel Meylan, was the foremost maker of small musical automata in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Most of his work is not signed, although he sometimes scratched his name on his movements.