614 lots

LOT 601

Important Modern & Vintage Timepieces Hong Kong, Apr 28, 2019

UNSIGNED HISTORICAL POCKET WATCH WITH QUARTER-REPEATER BY TWO STRIKING JACQUEMARTS (JACKS) ON ONE BELL; YELLOW GOLD AND ENAMEL

Yellow gold and enamel, open-face, key-winding, round-shaped, “Directoire” large pocket watch with one horological complication: - Quarter-repeater on one bell (activated by depressing the pendant) leading by two Jacquemarts (Jacks) who really strike the bell with their hammers The Jacquemarts (Jacks) are in the habit of Incroyables (the Incredibles) and Merveilleuses (the Marvelous); men’s and women’s costume fashionable during the late 1790’s and the Directoire period in France. Royal blue flinqué enamel (translucent enamel over guilloché engineturning) case-back with a polychrome scene showing an Allegory of Victory and Peace glorifying General Napoléon Bonaparte, to whom France will owe him Victory and Peace (“La France lui devra la Victoire et la Paix”).

Grading System:

HKD 310,000 - 390000

CHF 39,500 - 49000

USD 40,000 - 50000

Brand Unsigned

Year circa 1798

Calibre  20''', full plate, gilded brass, with fusee and chain, verge escapement, monometallic balance and blued steel flat hairspring, pierced and engraved gilded continental cock

Material yellow gold and enamel

Caliber 20''', full plate, gilded brass, with fusee and chain,verge escapement, monometallic balance andblued steel flat hairspring, pierced and engravedgilded continental cock

Dimensions Ø 60.5 mm.

This watch was presented at auction 45 years ago, in Autumn 1974, at the first sale ever organized by Antiquorum in Geneva, then known as Galerie Genevoise d’Horlogerie Ancienne (Genevan Gallery of Ancient Horology), by its founder Mr. Osvaldo Patrizzi. Provenance Antiquorum, Geneva, auction No. 01, October 8, 1974, lot 76. Watch with Jacquemarts that really hit the bell In contrast to most repeater watches by Jacquemarts (Jacks; hammer striking figures), whose automata pretend to strike the hours and quarters with their hammers but in fact strike through hammers incorporated into the movement on bells or gongs placed inside it or inside the case ?? in this type of watch the hammers held by the automata really hit the bell.Two watches with this type of movement are kept in the Patek Philippe Museum, Geneva (Inv. S-403 and Inv. S-495). The Incroyables (the Incredibles) and the Merveilleuses (the Marvelous) After the Thermidor, the French began to reveal against the dress styles traditionally associated with the Revolution, including the sans-culottes, cockades, and tricolour accessories and clothes, and developed new styles, more closely associated with aristocratic fashions prior to the Revolution than to more recent styles. Perhaps the most salient, and also most widely criticized, expression of such fashions was exhibited by les “Incroyables" (the Incredibles) and their female counterparts, “les Merveilleuses” (the Marvelous). The typical outfit of these new dandies consisted of a double-breasted, square jacket, similar to a redingote with cut tails, deformed vest with heavily stuffed pockets, white scarves around the neck, tight-fitting breeches with long ribbons dangling below the knees, and open, pointed flat shoes. The Merveilleuses wore Neoclassical style dresses, with high waists and open necklines, narrow skirts, and often made up of light fabrics such as muslin, to assimilate the style of the mythical females of classical antiquity; their hair was often made in a variety of styles, or covered with the different hats that were popular at the time, including bonnets, toques, turmans, and the popular cornette. Incroyables and Merveilleuses were often criticized for their love of fashion, still associated with the ills of the pre-Revolutionary monarchy, and were subject of a wide number of caricatures that exposed them as worthless citizens and women with loose morals. Their style, however, has come to be associated with the fashions of the Directoire and the Empire, with Empress Josephine being one of the most popular Merveilleuses before her marriage to Napoléon. “La France lui devra la Victoire et la Paix” (France will owe him Victory and Peace) This representation of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), then young victorious general, is realized during the period of the Directoire and more probably in the interval of time which has elapsed between the treaty of Campo-Formio, signed on the 26 vendémiaire an 6 (October 17, 1797) ?? which puts an end to the Franco-Austrian war (since 1792) and the first Italian campaign ?? and the departure of the Expedition of Egypt, which took place on the 29 floréal an 6 (May 18, 1798). The Histoire numismatique de la Révolution française (Numismatic History of the French Revolution) by Michel Hennin (Paris, 1826) tells us that among the many tokens and medals glorifying Bonaparte at this time ?? his return from Italy to Paris, in December 1797, is triumphant ?? three tokens are struck, with, on the obverse, the bust of the general in embroidered uniform (with or without lapels and epaulets), looking left, with the legend (titulature) “Buonaparte né à Ajaccio le 15 août 1769.” (Buonaparte born in Ajaccio on August 15, 1769.), and, on the reverse, the legend (titulature) “La France lui devra la Victoire et la Paix.” (France will owe him Victory and Peace.) in a closed olive (or laurel) wreath, with below “an 6 de la république.” (year 6 of the Republic.), whether 1797-1798 (tokens classified on December 31, 1797, pp. 583-584, Nos. 834, 835 and 836, illustrated on p. 83; these tokens exist in silver, Ø 33.5 mm, and bronze, Ø 32 mm). In addition to these tokens and medals, many effigies of Bonaparte begin to appear (1797-1798), in the form of engravings or on objects, while he is for the French people the hero of the Battle of Arcola (25-27 brumaire an 5; November 15-17, 1796) and the winner of the Austrians and Germans. Today, the most famous portrait of the young general is that unfinished (1798) by Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825) (Paris, Louvre Museum, Inv. FR 1942-18). Another later portrait (1806) depicts him as Emperor on his throne surrounded by the Allegorical Figures of Victory and Peace by Andrea Appiani (1754-1817) (Moscow, Pushkin Museum, Inv. 2 102).

LOT 602

Important Modern & Vintage Timepieces Hong Kong, Apr 28, 2019

RICHARD MILLE RM 014, PERINI NAVI CUP , MANUAL WINDING TOURBILLON 18K PINK GOLD

Manual winding tourbillon 18K pink gold in skeleton dial with Torque indicator dial and power reserve with titanium and pink gold double folding clasp.

Grading System:

HKD 1,200,000 - 1700000

CHF 148,000 - 217000

USD 150,000 - 220000

Brand Richard Mille

Model Perini Navi Cup

Reference Ref RM 014 AG RG/47

Year Circa 2009

Movement No. 028

Calibre  RM 014

Bracelet Leather strap with RM 18K Pink gold and Titanium double fold clasp

Caliber RM 014

Dimensions 45mm x 38mm

Signature Dial, Case and Movement

Accessories box and papers

Sold: HKD 1,480,000

Richard Mille Richard Mille after a long and successful career in the watch industry, in 2001 Richard Mille presented his own line of watches and met immediate success with his very unconventional and radical high-tech approach to fine watchmaking. His timepieces break new technical and esthetical ground taking inspiration from Formula One racecars, materials and production processes. They are developed in close cooperation with Audemars Piguet’s Renaud & Papi, one of the watch industry’s most innovative technical leaders. Using materials like ceramic, titanium or chronifer, an anti-magnetic alloy. Richard Mille 014 Tourbillon RM 014 Perini Navi Cup was launch in 2006 which is dedicated to the partnership with the yacht manufacturer “Perini Navi”and oriented towards the topic of ships and sailing yachts.RM 014 employs carbon nanofibre as the construction material for the movement plate. The composite material is an isotope possessing mechanical, physical and chemical stability when moulded under high pressure. The movement plate hence assures better rigidity between the plate and bridges, all in all creating improved accuracy. This present example in well preserved condition, 18K pink gold case fitted with a tourbillon in skeleton dial, and featuring with a power reserve indicator, a torque indicator of the movement and a display of the selected operating mode.

LOT 603

Important Modern & Vintage Timepieces Hong Kong, Apr 28, 2019

LISSIGNOL CABINET MINIATURE; ENAMEL ON GOLD

“Venus commanding Vulcan to make arms for Aeneas” after Eneida of Virgil and a painting of Louis de Boullogne (1654-1733), the Younger Enamel on gold, horizontal rectangular-shaped, cabinet miniature. Polychrome painting on enamel on gold, by Jean-Abraham Lissignol (1749-1819), Geneva, showing “Vénus demande à Vulcain de forger des armes pour Enée” (Venus commanding Vulcan (Hephaestus) to make arms for Aeneas), after the Eneida of Virgil, after a painting of Louis de Boullogne (1654-1733), the Younger, dated 1723, and an engraving of Louis Desplaces (1682-1739), titled “Le Feu”.

Grading System:

HKD 190,000 - 230000

CHF 24,700 - 29650

USD 25,000 - 30000

Brand Jean-Abraham Lissignol

Year circa 1800-1810

Material enamel on gold

Dimensions 35 x 59 mm. (without frame)

Accessories silver (813 H = 0.830) and gold frame, with gildedsilver and pearls ornementation (by "A S", Finland,1921)

The painting of de Boullogne (H. 152 cm. / L. 172 cm.) who was kept since the beginning of the 19th century in a French noble family was presented at auction by Sotheby’s, Paris, June 25, 2003, lot 17 (sold for the amount of ? 156 375.-), and then by Sotheby’s, New York, January 30, 2014, lot 118 (sold for the amount of US$ 173 000.-); it’s today in a private collection. The engraving of Desplaces is issue from the series of Louis de Boullogne’s “Les Quatre Eléments” (The Four Elements), “Le Feu”, “L’Air”, “L’Eau” and “La Terre” (Fire, Air, Water and Earth), of which the three other subjects were engraved by Charles Dupuis (1685- 1742). Versions of these four engravings are now preserved in Paris, Le Louvre Musem (Inv. 869). Venus commanding Vulcan to make arms for Aeneas Angry with Vulcan (Hephaistos), her husband, because he humiliated her before the other Gods (because of her adventure with Mars), Venus broke all ties with him for seven years. However, when her son Aeneas, the fruit of other adulterous love, is in danger, it’s as a mother carried by her protective instinct that she acts this time. She doesn’t hesitate to reconnect with Vulcan in the hope that he forges arms for the latter in anticipation of the fight that will oppose Turnus. Conscious of her attraction, she charms again her husband who accepts his request in exchange for his love. Lissignol, Jean-Abraham Geneva, May 1749 ?? Geneva, Plainpalais, June 28, 1819 One of the best enamel painters of the later part of the 18th century, he was the pupil of Jean-Marc Roux and later became his partner. He specialised in decorating enamelled snuff-boxes and watch-cases, working for Jaquet-Droz, Leschot, the Rochat brothers, and John Rich. Cabinet miniature From the 15th century, among art connoisseurs, appear with “cabinets of curiosities” (studiolo in Italy or Kunst- und Wunderkammern in the German world), “cabinet paintings” and “cabinet miniatures”. These are covers of large paintings or original creations adapted to the “small” format, to be exhibited in the living rooms or offices of large homes or kept in furniture called “cabinet”. With the birth of enamel painting circa 1630, artists found a new medium to make these little masterpieces. In Geneva, at the end of the 17th century and in the first half of the 18th century, goldsmiths, enamellers and enamel painters, often from Huguenot families from Orléanais, Touraine or Poitou, work to create cases and dials for watches, snuff-boxes or cabinet miniatures; we can mention the names of Huaud (or Huaut), Mussard and André, which contribute decisively to the birth and development of enamel painting in Geneva.

LOT 604

Important Modern & Vintage Timepieces Hong Kong, Apr 28, 2019

BREGUET SKELETON TOURBILLON BAGUETTE DIAMONDS 18K WHITE GOLD

18K white gold manual winding skeleton tourbillon with 99 Top Wesselton baguette diamonds set on the bezel, lug, band, and crown.( approximately 11 carats)

Grading System:

HKD 1,000,000 - 2000000

CHF 125,000 - 250000

USD 128,000 - 256000

Brand Breguet

Model Tourbillon Squelette

Reference Ref. 3356

Year Circa 2000s

Calibre  711

Case No. 886H

Bracelet Leather strap with 18K white gold deployant clasp

Caliber 711

Dimensions Ø 40.5mm

Signature Dial, Case and movement

Accessories Breguet service letter date on Nov 2018

Sold: HKD 1,240,000

The present lot is a magnificent masterpiece from Breguet , hand engraving skeleton tourbillon movement with with 99 Baguette cut factory diamonds set around the bezel, lugs and case (weighing approximately 11 carats).which combines the legendary luxury and elegant with skillful hand engraving .This exceptional Breguet skeleton tourbillon is very rarely in the market , the last known one to sell publicly was in auction over 9 years ago. In 2011 the same model sold for over 2,600,000 HKD (including buyers premium)

LOT 605

Important Modern & Vintage Timepieces Hong Kong, Apr 28, 2019

ILLEGIBLE MAKER’S MARK; THE ENAMEL ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE WORKSHOP OF LISSIGNOL “BONBONNIÈRE”, PILL-BOX; 18K YELLOW GOLD, ENAMEL AND PEARLS

"The Peaches" 18K yellow gold, enamel and pearl-set, horizontal oval-shaped “Bonbonnière” pill-box with slightly concave body in imitation of a fruit basket, with hinged lid; cover with edge imitating the top of a wicker basket with champlevé light blue and black enamel and pearl-set decor; base and band decorated with guilloché engine-turned motifs and champlevé orange enamel entourages. The lid with a central horizontal oval-shaped panel painted on enamel on gold shows a still life with peaches, grapes, cherries, apples, walnuts, etc., attributable to the workshop of Jean-Abraham Lissignol (1749-1819), Geneva.

Grading System:

HKD 390,000 - 460000

CHF 49,400 - 59250

USD 50,000 - 60000

Brand Illegible Maker's Mark

Model the enamel attributable to the Workshop of Lissignol

Year circa 1810

Material 18K yellow gold, enamel and pearls

Dimensions 16.8 x 66.4 x 44.8 mm.

Signature case

Even if this painting on enamel is not signed, it is very likely that it is the work of Jean- Abraham Lissignol (1749-1819), Geneva. The extremely fine strokes of the brush ?? made with a few hairs ?? In combination with the pointillist-technique are typical of his work. Similar compositions with fruits and / or flowers can be found on the covers of a series of oval- basket-shaped singing-bird box by Jacob Frisard (1753-1810), Geneva: • A pair of matching mirror image boxes (blue colour). Patek Philippe Museum, Geneva (Inv. S-513). Fondation Edouard et Maurice Sandoz, Pully (Vaud) (Inv. No. 39, formerly No. 99). See: Tellier, Arnaud, & Didier, Mélanie, Le Miroir de la séduction, Prestigieuses paires de montres « chinoises » ?? The Mirror of Seduction, Prestigious pairs of “Chinese” Watches, Geneva, Patek Philippe Museum Editions, 2010, pp. 76-77. • Another box (green colour). Sotheby’s, New York, auction, June 2016, lot 82 (formerly in the La Vielle Russie Collection, Paris); today kept in a Chinese private Collection. See: Chapuis, Alfred, « Une oeuvre inédite de Jacob Frisard », in Revue suisse d’art et archéologie, vol. 11, 1950, pp. 244-245, ill. pl. 86 • Another box. Paris, Le Louvre Museum (Inv. No 0A2343). See: Grandjean, Serge, Catalogue des tabatières, boîtes et étuis des XVIIIe et XIXe siècles du Musée du Louvre, Paris, 1981. Another composition of this type can be found on a rectangular-shaped panel fitted in the front base of a small tower-clock (height 22 cm.), with a singing bird hidden inside, which every hour, goes out, sings and moves on itself; on the reverse of this clock, another enamel painting on gold attributed to Lissignol, showing “The Holy Family” (the Virgin, Jesus and St. John the Baptist), after a work (c.1518) of Giulio Romano (c.1499-1546). • Beijing, Palace Collection. See: Treasures of Time, Hong Kong, Science Museum, The Hong Kong Jockey Club Series (376 pp.; Exhibition: December 7, 2018 ?? April 10, 2019). Lissignol, Jean-Abraham Geneva, May 1749 ?? Geneva, Plainpalais, June 28, 1819 One of the best enamel painters of the later part of the 18th century, he was the pupil of Jean-Marc Roux and later became his partner. He specialised in decorating enamelled snuff-boxes and watch-cases, working for Jaquet-Droz, Leschot, the Rochat brothers, and John Rich.

LOT 606

Important Modern & Vintage Timepieces Hong Kong, Apr 28, 2019

AUDEMARS PIGUET MINUTE REPEATER , PERPETUAL CALENDAR AND SPLIT SECOND CHRONOGRAPH IN 18K PINK GOLD, AUTOMATIC

18K Pink Gold automatic wristwatch with minute repeater, perpetual calendar, moon phases and split second chronograph in skeleton dial with white indicators, blackened gold applied hour-markers and hands.

Grading System:

HKD 1,500,000 - 2800000

CHF 187,000 - 345000

USD 190,000 - 350000

Brand Audemars Piguet

Model Jules Audemars Grande Complication

Reference Ref. 26023OR.oo.113OR.z 01

Year Sold in 2 Aug. 2016

Movement No. 719872

Calibre  2885

Case No. F 25497

Bracelet integrated 18K Pink Gold Audemars Piguet link bracelet with deployant clasp.

Caliber 2885

Dimensions 42mm

Signature Case, Dial, Movement

Accessories Original fitted box, certificate booklet, USB card andtag.

Sold: HKD 1,960,000

Audemars Piguet, “Grande Complication Automatique”, Calibre 2885 Presented in 1996, the Calibre 2885, “Grande Complication Automatique”, is fitted with multiple horological functions: eleven of them! One of which, the week of the year, is rarely seen. Calibres 2885 achieved the great task of integrating a triple complication mechanism (i.e. repeater, chronograph and calendar) into the small space of a wristwatch case. At Audemars Piguet, this technology had previously been restricted to pocket watches. Before this tour-deforce, watchmakers had never imagined combining in such a small space, and even less so adding in a self-winding system. Only 58 examples of the Calibre 2885, “Grande Complication”, automatic wristwatch, were made between 1996 and 2002. - 12 524 (1 piece), - 25 806 (26 pces), - Ref.25 851 (1 pce), - Ref 25 856 (1 pce), - Ref 25 865 (14 pce, “Royal Oak”), - Ref 25 866 (10 pces), - Ref 25 953 (2 pces), - Ref 25 985 (1 pce), - Ref 25 990 (1 pce) - Ref 25 996 (1 pce). The production since 2002 is not documented by the manufacturer for the moment. The pieces, like the present watch, which are fully skeletonized, are even rarer because they require extra months of work to cut and engrave the components. “Assembly, adjusting and casing up a calibre 2885 require between four and six months of the utmost concentration combined with immensely rare skill of experience. Furthermore, the watchmaker who assembled this piece will be responsible for its maintenance and repair right throughout his or her career in the Grande Complication workshop. In the same spirit as the Grande Complication pocket watches of the late 19th century, every component, even those entirely hidden, are hand-finished with the utmost expertise, care and dedication to the preservation of the traditional arts.” Bibliography Brunner, Gisbert L., Pfeiffer-Belli, Christian, & Wehrli, Martin K, Audemars Piguet. Masterpieces of classical watchmaking, Le Brassus (Vallée de Joux), Editions Audemars Piguet, 1993, pp. 278- 279, ill. 466 a-d and technical drawings. Vivas, Sebastian, & Friedman, Michael L., Audemars Piguet 20th century, Complicated Wristwatches, Le Brassus (Vallée de Joux), Editions Audemars Piguet, 2018, chapter V, “Rebirth beyond the quartz crisis”, part 5, “Multiple Complications, since 1992”, p. 227, pp. 264-269 and pp. 295, 297, 299-300, 303-304.

LOT 607

Important Modern & Vintage Timepieces Hong Kong, Apr 28, 2019

ILBERY POCKET WATCH MADE FOR THE CHINESE MARKET, WITH SPECIAL "SOLID RED GOLD" MOVEMENT; 18K YELLOW GOLD AND ENAMEL

18K yellow gold and enamel, open-face, key-winding, round-shaped, pocket watch with special solid gold movement and centre-seconds, made for the Chinese market. “Consular” case with scallop edges; champlevé enamel case-back with, in the centre, a scene showing children playing with hoop, after an English engraving; the painting on enamel on gold attributable to Jean-Louis Richter (1766-1841), Geneva.

Grading System:

HKD 260,000 - 350000

CHF 33,800 - 45000

USD 34,250 - 45650

Brand Ilbery

Year circa 1810-1820

Movement No. 6 082

Calibre  22''', bridges and going barrel overlaid with plates of solid red gold, engraved Chinese-style with scrolled foliage, gold train of wheels, duplex escapement, monometallic balance (gilded brass) with large segmental sliding weights and steel poising screws and blued steel flat hairspring, diamond end-stone

Material 18K yellow gold and enamel

Caliber 22''', bridges and going barrel overlaid with plates ofsolid red gold, engraved Chinese-style with scrolledfoliage, gold train of wheels, duplex escapement,monometallic balance (gilded brass) with largesegmental sliding weights and steel poising screwsand blued steel flat hairspring, diamond end-stone

Dimensions Ø 59 mm.

Signature movement

Sold: HKD 325,000

Ilbery’s “solid red gold” movements Only very few Ilberys watches with “solid red gold” movements are known to-date. This is the third movement known duly signed by Ilbery, London. All cased with painting on enamel attributable to Jean-Louis Richter. • Ilbery, London, unnumbered (the enamel showing characters). Chapuis, Alfred (with coll. of Loup, Gustave), La montre chinoise. Relations de l’Horlogerie suisse avec la Chine, Neuchâtel, Editions Attinger Frères, 1919, pl. following p. 182 (ill. movement only; former Gustave Loup collection). • Ilbery, London, No. 6 083 (the enamel showing a maritime landscape after Claude- Joseph Vernet, 1714-1789) Patek Philippe Museum, Geneva, Inv. S-113. • Unsigned and unnumbered (the enamel showing an officer “home from the war”). Antiquorum, Hong Kong, auction, June 17, 1994, lot 377, sold for the amount of HK$ 510 600.- • Unsigned and unnumbered (the enamel showing two riding gentlemen with a tree and further split-pearl inlaid ornaments on the foreground). Antiquorum, Geneva, auction, October 12, 1996, lot 628, sold for the amount of CHF 47 150.- • Unsigned, No. 1 140 (can be done by another workshop); the movement with engraved “solid gold” main-plate and blued steel bridges (the enamel showing a lady and her two daughters sitting behind a house). Antiquorum, Geneva, auction, April 24-25, 2004, lot 264, sold for the amount of CHF 69 000.- Patek Philippe Museum, Geneva, Inv. S-650; see: Tellier, Arnaud, & Didier, Mélanie, Le Miroir de la séduction, Prestigieuses paires de montres « chinoises » ?? The Mirror of Seduction, Prestigious pairs of “Chinese” Watches, Geneva, Patek Philippe Museum Editions, 2010, pp. 152, ill. 2. William Ilbery (c.1760-1839). Active in London from 1780 in Goswell Street, he moved to Duncan Terrace towards the end of the 18th century. Following James Cox in London and Jaquet Droz in Switzerland, he also specialised in the production of luxury watches for the Chinese Market. His early production was very much in the English style, featuring a full plate movement and an English type single wheel duplex escapement. However, for his highest quality watches, he incorporated a spring detent escapement. Later, the watch movements he produced were much inspired by the Lépine calibre with free-standing barrel, as were Jaquet Droz’s Swiss production signed in London and that of William Anthony, who worked in London. The cases of his watches were sumptuously decorated by the best Genevan enamellers, such as Jean-Francois-Victor Dupont (1785-1863), who usually signed his work, and Jean- Louis Richter (1766-1841), who signed rarely. He organized the production in Switzerland, mainly in Fleurier (Val-de-Travers), of profusely engraved movements for the Asian market. He was followed in this by makers such as Bovet and Juvet who also worked in Fleurier. Ilbery can therefore be considered one of the most representative makers of ‘‘Chinese’’ watches. He seems to have maintained close contacts with the continental trade since a watch signed ‘‘Ilbery Paris’’ is known and Ilbery & Son are recorded in London and Fleurier, as well as in Canton. His son, William Ilbery (c.1780-c.1851), works with him. Children playing with a hoop The charming painted enamel scene decorating the present watch derives from English genre paintings by artists from the Royal Academy, such as Joshua Reynolds (1723- 1792), Francis Wheatley (1747-1801), William Hamilton (1751-1801), William Redmore Bigg (1755-1828), etc., who specialised in images of romanticised English rural life in the last quarter of the 18th century. Their paintings were engraved by Francesco Bartolozzi (1727-1815), Thomas Burke (1749-1815), John Raphael Smith (1752-1812), Peltro William Tomkins (1760-1840), Henry Gillbank (fl. late-18th-early 19th c.), etc., and sold as prints which were published by John Boydell (1719-1804) and Josiah Boydell (1752-1817), engravers and print-sellers, James Daniell (fl.1771-1814) and others. These genre prints were enormously popular and were used as models for Genevan enamellers, including Jean-Louis Richter (1766-1841). Ilbery’s “Consular”-type cases with scalloped edges The case of our watch is made in the same spirit as that of the watch signed Ilbery, London, No. 5 995, whose movement (gilded brass, full plate, with fusee and chain) is fitted with a spring detent Peto cross escapement. The enamel painting, also attributable to Jean-Louis Richter, represents a scene with children “Feeding the Chicks”. This case is also of “Consular”-type with scalloped edges (see: Antiquorum, auction, April 13, 2002, lot 61, sold for the amount of CHF 245 500.-). Ilbery seems to have used this type of case only for its more luxurious watches; those with “chronometer” movements or “solid red gold” movements. Richter, Jean-Louis (1766-1841), Geneva Learned his art under David-Etienne Roux and Philippe-Samuel-Théodore Roux, becoming a most renowned enamel painter. His speciality was the painting of landscapes and particularly lake-side scenes and marine-scapes, often representing ships in a harbour or battles with fighting Men-of-War, but, on occasion, also portraits and hunting scenes. He did not often sign his work, but it is clearly recognised as being in his hand from the style and quality of the painting. He applied his art principally to watch cases and snuff-boxes and these were largely destined for the Chinese, Turkish, British and Italian markets. In 1828, he was in partnership with Aimé-Julien Troll (1781-1852) and one can find work signed Richter et Troll. Richter, like other great enamel painters of the time, often found inspiration for his work from paintings or engravings by the artists then in fashion particularly Claude Verne or the romanticised English and Irish rural life. The inscription in Chinese characters, on the counter-enamel of the dial, mentions “23 Year / June 5th / Wong”, suggesting that on July 5 of the 23rd year of the reign of the emperor, the watch was repaired by a called Wong. The inscription could be written under the reign of three different emperors: Jiaqing, Daoguang or Guangxu.

LOT 608

Important Modern & Vintage Timepieces Hong Kong, Apr 28, 2019

VACHERON CONSTANTIN MANUAL-WINDING WRISTWATCH; "KALLA PAGODA"; 18K YELLOW GOLD AND DIAMONDS

18K yellow gold, entirely diamond-set with 170 baguette-cut diamonds (including 40 on a grid-plate dial) formed a bracelet of 32 rows(including the dial) and 30 others princess-cut diamonds on the bezel, whether a total of 200 diamonds, round-shaped, gentleman's wristwatch; the bracelet fully articulated.

Grading System:

HKD 2,000,000 - 2500000

CHF 252,000 - 316000

USD 255,000 - 320000

Brand Vacheron Constantin

Model Kalla Pagoda; No. 1

Reference Ref. 35513/974 J - 3588

Year Circa 1989

Movement No. 702 243

Calibre  7''' - 1 052, adjusted to heat, cold, isochronism and 5 positions

Case No. 596 078

Bracelet integrated with clasp

Caliber 7''' - 1 052, adjusted to heat, cold, isochronism and5 positions

Dimensions Ø 34 mm.; Approx. overall length 188 mm.

Signature case and movement

Accessories original fitted box; Extract from the Archives

Sold: HKD 2,560,000

The Extract from the Archives, mentioned that this watch was manufactured in 1989. The Kalla Collection In 1979 Vacheron Constantin presented what was then the most expensive watch in the world: the “Kallista” (for US$ 5 000 000.-). It was designed by Raymond Moretti (1931- 2005), French painter and sculptor, a friend of Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) and Jean Cocteau (1889-1963). The watch was set with 118 emerald-cut diamonds, each accompanied by a certificate from the GIA. It required 6 000 hours of labour and took five years to complete. Even today, this watch remains the symbol of the Haute Joaillerie watch, and served as inspiration to the entire Swiss watch industry as well as to the trade press. There was much speculation as to the identity of the buyer! Such was the impact of the watch that today, near 40 years later, one still finds occasional articles devoted it in the trade press. The Kallista, in Greek, “the most wonderful”, with its 118 emerald-cut diamonds (a total of 127.34 carats.), its 141 brilliant-cut diamonds (a total of 18.74 carats) and a total weight of 155 g., will always stand out among Vacheron Constantin’s production. However, it was extremely influential: a new generation of watches inspired by the Kallista, called “Kalla”, became available in the early 1980’s. “Lady Kalla” set with 108 emerald-cut diamonds, with 26 others on the dial, was specially designed and made for Diana (1961-1997), Princess of Wales, on the occasion of her marriage in 1981 to Prince Charles (b.1958). From 1988, the watches from the Kalla Collection were offered to the public, but always in very limited quantities and sometimes only one at a time. They were in white or yellow gold, for men or for ladies, and had either leather straps or diamond-set bracelets. The Vacheron Constantin designers showed great creativity; the watches of the Kalla Collection are no longer of one shape. One finds Kallas that are rectangular, round, tonneau-shaped, dodecagonal, hexagonal, etc. There seems to be no limit ?? among the watches offered there are “Rome Kallas”, “Geneva Kallas”, “Venice Kallas”, but also “Lady Kallas”, “Queen Kallas”, “Earl Kallas”, etc. In all, there are approximately 30 different styles, available in yellow or white gold, set with diamonds or precious stones, such as emeralds, sapphires, or rubies, and featuring approximately a hundred different references. Among Haute Joaillerie watches, the Kalla Collection holds a special position, due largely to the audacity of the Kallista, but also to the great variety of models that were offered to the public, all different yet all sharing the common denominator of the lavish use of precious stones.

LOT 609

Important Modern & Vintage Timepieces Hong Kong, Apr 28, 2019

BOVET POCKET WATCH MADE FOR THE CHINESE MARKET WITH SPECIAL CALIBRE; YELLOW GOLD AND ENAMEL

Yellow gold and enamel, open-face, key-winding, round-shaped, large pocket watch with centre-seconds, made for the Chinese market. Polychrome painting on enamel on gold, by an unidentified workshop, probably Geneva, showing a tracery of multicoloured summer flowers and leaves on a royal blue background.

Grading System: AAA

HKD 276,000 - 434000

CHF 35,000 - 55000

USD 35,500 - 55800

Brand Bovet

Year circa 1840

Calibre  22''', gilded brass, engraved Chinese-style, polished steel bridges, with going barrel, duplex escapement, compensated balance with blued-steel wings balance and blued steel flat hairspring

Material yellow gold and enamel

Caliber 22''', gilded brass, engraved Chinese-style, polishedsteel bridges, with going barrel, duplex escapement,compensated balance with blued-steel wingsbalance and blued steel flat hairspring

Dimensions Ø 58 mm

Signature movement

Sold: HKD 425,000

A rare example of “Chinese” movement in which the balance wheel is bi-metallic. Special “Chinese” calibre At the time, the plates and bridges of the calibre were usually made of brass, which was then gilded (mercury gilding). Here, the movement is built with “mirror” polished steel bridges and blued steel screws. This was a true feat of technical prowess. It was the Piguet & Meylan in Geneva who used first, circa 1820, this arrangement (also with steel main plate) for their finest pieces (especially with minute repeater-mechanism), due to the spectacular appearance that this treatment gave to the metal. It was also for technical reasons, because the process rendered more resistant to oxidation in very humid climates. This treatment was also employed by the Ilbery, the Bovet and the Vaucher, all of whom also work for the Chinese market (for calibres without horological complications). The evolution of the “Chinese” calibre is shown in the catalogue of the exhibition The Mirror of Seduction, presented at the Patek Philippe Museum, Geneva, in 2010 (May 15 ?? October). Bibliography Tellier, Arnaud, & Didier, Mélanie, Le Miroir de la séduction, Prestigieuses paires de montres « chinoises » ?? The Mirror of Seduction, Prestigious pairs of “Chinese” Watches, Geneva, Patek Philippe Museum Editions, 2010, pp. 152-155. Bovet, Fleurier (Val-de-Travers) One of the most important Swiss watchmaking dynasties having worked for the Chinese market, founded by siblings, children of Jean-Frédéric Bovet (1758-1818), watchmaker from Fleurier (Val-de-Travers), and Julie Yersin (1763-1837) from Môtiers, married in Fleurier on July 28, 1781, who were: Charles-Frédéric (1786-1846), Charles-Alphonse (1788-1850), Gustave (1790-1835), Edouard (1797-1849), Charles-Henri (1802-?) and Julie-Caroline Bovet (1807-?). The three brothers, Frédéric, Alphonse and Edouard, first set up a business in London in 1814-1815, making watches for the local market. In 1818, Edouard was hired by the Maison Magniac to be a watchmaker for them in China, in Canton. Thus, at the age of 21, on April 20, 1818, he embarked aboard the Orwell, of the East India Company, the fastest ship of the moment. On August 16, 1818, the Orwell anchored at the Tiger Gate after “un voyage assez pénible et le plus court qui ait jamais été fait” (a rather painful and short trip that has ever been made); a journey of 119 days. Edward notes in his logbook: “On ne peut pas se faire une idée de la quantité de bateaux qui se trouve dessus cette rivière, tout ce peuple vit dessus l'eau, car il n'y a pas assez de place dessus terre ; la rivière est plus large que la Tamise par place. Canton est une vilaine ville [...], tout est vilain et puant...” (One can’t get an idea of the quantity of boats on this river, all these people live on the water, because there is not enough space on the ground; the river is wider than the Thames by place. Canton is a nasty city [...] everything is ugly and stinky…). In few years, having realised the great possibilities of the Chinese market, the Bovets established their own company. On May 1st, 1822, Edouard, remaining in Canton, signed with his brothers Frédéric and Alphonse, working out of London, and Gustave, out of their home town, Fleurier, a partnership contract for the export of watches from London. The youngest Bovet brother, Charles, later joined the company as well. Edouard Bovet notes that not only mandarins but all of the Chinese are fond of watches. He wants to sell quality watches at affordable prices to the rest of the population who are often neglected by the luxury market. Fleurier becomes the manufacturing centre of the “Chinese watch”. The Bovets boosts the economy of Val-de-Travers; in 1840, no less than 175 watchmaker workshops worked for the Bovets in Fleurier, Saint-Sulpice and Bayards. The Bovets are the first to write their name in Chinese on watch dials. The brand becomes so famous that the word “poway”, whether “bovet” according to the Chinese pronunciation, becomes synonymous of “watch” for the Chinese. Among the signatures on these watches, one often finds the name Bovet translated into Chinese, as well as the name “Tevob” (“Bovet” spelled backwards). In 1830, Edouard left China, returning to Fleurier with his “Chinese” son Edouard-Georges (1826-1894), born of a Chinese mother, after having become a very rich man in the Orient. Edouard ?? who is nicknamed Bovetde- Chine ?? following his participation in the liberal insurrections of 1831, must go into exile in Besançon (Doubs, France) and relocate part of his industry. On September 25, 1847, he married in England, in Middlesex (London), Constance Ellen Meunier (1815-?), originally from Pontarlier (Doubs, France). He will return to Fleurier only in 1848 after the establishment of the Republic following the Revolution of March 1st, 1848, in Neuchâtel, that ended the reign of the King of Prussia on the Principality of Neuchâtel. He died one year later. In 1840, Bovet Frères et Cie was established in Fleurier, later including Frédéric Fritz Bovet (1824-1913), son of Alphonse Bovet. In 1864, the Bovet watch production was sold to Bovet’s manufacturing inspectors in Fleurier, Jules Jéquier and Ernest Bobillier, soon joined by Ami Leuba. In 1888, Bovet Frères was founded under the direction of Alexis Landry, who served his apprenticeship in Fritz Bovet’s workshop in Fleurier, still producing ebauches for Chinese watches and silver cases. Alexis Landry formed a partnership with Albert and Jean Bovet, specialising in complicated watches and chronographs. In 1901, the Bovet trademark was acquired by César and Charles Leuba, sons of Ami Leuba. In 1918, Jacques Ullmann & Cie of La Chaux-de-Fonds bought the Bovet brand from Leuba brothers, and in 1948, Favre-Leuba took over the company and acquired the first production plant. In 1966, Favre-Leuba sold the Fleurier plant, and in 1989 Michel Parmigiani acquired the Bovet name. A limited company registered as Bovet Fleurier S.A. was formed in 1990, using the Bovet trademark. In 1994, Roger Guye and Thierry Oulevay (1956-2013) bought Bovet Fleurier S.A. and opened a branch in Geneva. Pascal Raffy became the majority shareholder and President in 2001. Today, Bovet 1822 timepieces are widely available in the world’s major destinations. Eager to maintain its historical roots in the Far East, the company has subsidiaries in Hong Kong and Japan, and delivers its collection to select distributors in Singapore, Taiwan, the Middle East, Turkey, Russia, the United States, London, and Geneva.

LOT 610

Important Modern & Vintage Timepieces Hong Kong, Apr 28, 2019

Brand Patek Philippe

Reference Ref. 5020

Year Circa 1999

Movement No. 3 046 008

Calibre  CH 27-70 Q, adjusted to heat, cold isochronism and 5 positions, Geneva Quality Hall Mark

Case No. 2 956 196

Bracelet leather strap with 18K white gold deployant clasp

Caliber CH 27-70 Q, adjusted to heat, cold isochronism and5 positions, Geneva Quality Hall Mark

Dimensions 45 x 37 mm

Signature dial, case and movement

Accessories Extract from the Archives

Sold: HKD 2,680,000

Platinum, cushion-shaped, gentleman’s wristwatch, snap-on case-back, with subsidiary seconds at 9 and nine horological complications: - 1/5 second chronograph with round push-pieces - Half-instantaneous 30-minute recorder (subsidiary dial at 3 o’clock) - Half-instantaneous perpetual calendar à guichets (with apertures) - Date of the month (subsidiary dial at 6 o’clock) - Day of the week (aperture at 11 o’clock; indications given in English) - Month of the year (aperture at 1 o’clock; indications given in English) - Four-year cycle of leap-years (subsidiary dial at 3 o’clock) - Phases of the moon (aperture at 6 o’clock) - Diurnal (day-time) and nocturnal (night-time) hours with a 24-hour (AM-PM) scale (subsidiary dial at 9 oBlack colour “semi-glossy” dial set with diamonds indexes (nine brilliant-cut diamonds and one baguette-cut diamond). Condition report (grading system, autumn 2018) The Extract from the Archives, dated March 12, 2019, mentioned that this watch was sold on December 22, 2000. Patek Philippe, Reference 5020 This reference is launched in 1994 and remained in production until circa 2002 (a relatively short period). The Ref. 5020 is fitted with calibre 27-70 Q, like the famous Ref. 3970. Due to its unusual shape and its similarity with the more traditional 3970, featuring the same horological complications and movement, it was not produced in large numbers. In fact, while the Ref. 5020 was relatively unpopular upon its launch, it is fair to say that Patek Philippe was in advance with this watch. Many examples remained unsold for years before collectors understood its rarity; few of them who really appreciated its unequivocally 1960-70’s large cushion-shaped design combined with perpetual calendar instantly understood its appeal. The Ref. 5020 was available in 18K yellow, pink and white gold, as well as platinum. Very few were fitted with a gold bracelet, all on special request; they were only available at the Patek Philippe boutique in Geneva. Like with many creations, this watch has begun to be appreciated only after it ceased production in 2002 at estimated production of 150 to 200 pieces in total. In retrospect, this is an iconic reference ahead of its time and a trophy for any modern wristwatch collection. Very few examples were cased in platinum (probably less than 20 pieces). To-date, are known only four examples with silver dial and Breguet numerals, and, only THREE examples with “semi-glossy” black dial and diamonds indexes (Ref. 5020 P-018): 1. Sotheby’s, Hong Kong, auction, April 2, 2018, lot 2 923, sold for the amount of HK$ 3 960 000.- 2. The present watch. 3. Antiquorum, Geneva, auction, December 2, 2003, lot 411, sold for the amount of CHF 92 700.- And only one with “semi-glossy” black dial and Breguet numerals: Phillips, Geneva, auction, November 11-12, 2017, lot 230, sold for the amount of CHF 492 500.’clock)

LOT 611

Important Modern & Vintage Timepieces Hong Kong, Apr 28, 2019

UNSIGNED POCKET WATCH MADE FOR THE CHINESE MARKET WITH TIXIER CALIBRE; GILDED BRASS, ENAMEL AND PEARL-SET

Gilded brass, enamel and pearl-set, open-face, key-winding, roundshaped, large, centre-seconds pocket watch made for the Chinese market; fluted case-band. Polychrome painting on enamel on copper, by an unidentified workshop, probably Geneva, showing summer flowers on a blue background.

Grading System: AAA

HKD 198,000 - 230000

CHF 25,000 - 30000

USD 25,400 - 30500

Brand Unsigned

Year circa 1860

Movement No. 4 229

Calibre  24''', gilded brass, engraved Chinese-style, Tixier calibre, with going barrel, duplex-Jacot escapement, monometallic balance (polished steel) with bluedsteel wings balance and blued steel flat hairspring

Case No. 4 229

Material gilded brass, enamel and pearl-set

Caliber 24''', gilded brass, engraved Chinese-style, Tixiercalibre, with going barrel, duplex-Jacot escapement,monometallic balance (polished steel) with bluedsteelwings balance and blued steel flat hairspring

Dimensions Ø 62 mm

Sold: HKD 275,000

This watch is probably the one that makes the pair with the watch sold by Antiquorum, Hong Kong, auction, June 2, 2007, lot 103, for the amount of HK$ 165 200.- Duplex-Jacot Escapement During the last quarter of the 18th century, several watchmakers tried to produce watches with dead centre-seconds hands, much in favour among the scientific community. The first attempt, made in Geneva by Jean-Moïse Pouzait (1743-1793), circa 1786, featured a lever escapement associated with a large seconds-beating balance (the model of this escapement was presented to the local Société des Arts). Due to its spectacular aspect, and in spite if its inertia sensitivity Pouzait’s escapement was much appreciated by the Chinese before the invention by Charles-Edouard Jacot (1817-1897), a watchmaker from La Chaux-de-Fonds (Neuchâtel mountains), circa 1840- 1850, of the so-called duplex-Jacot or “Chinese duplex” escapement, with double-tooth arrangement. The Jacot escapement, like any duplex escapement, is a frictional one the friction from the escape wheel is constantly present. Enabled inexpensive production of dead centre-second watches it was often used in the watches made for the Chinese market. Jacot, Charles Edouard (1817-1897), La Chaux de Fonds Charles Edouard Jacot worked in La Chaux de Fonds, Le Locle, Baltimore and New York. He was a prolific inventor and innovator, especially of escapement work. At the age of 19 he visited his cousin, the son of Abraham Perrelet, in Le Locle and became involved with watchmaking. In 1837, he went to New York City, where he was to stay for 20 years. Jacot invented a modification of the duplex escapement with a dead centre-seconds hand, known as the “Duplex-Jacot”, used extensively in watches made for the Chinese market (US invention Patent No. 9 150, July 27, 1852). While in America, he registered 12 American patents for perfecting the construction of watches, including the “star wheel duplex” escapement, patented on July 20, 1852, and a stop-watch feature, patented on June 8, 1858, by which time Jacot had already returned to Switzerland. There he founded the Jacot & Salzmann firm in La Chauxde-Fonds. By the 1870’s his firm was called Charles E. Jacot. One of the founders of the Société inter-cantonale des industries du Jura (Intercantonal Societies of Jurassian Industries) along with Longines. Charles Jacot died in August 1897.

LOT 612

Important Modern & Vintage Timepieces Hong Kong, Apr 28, 2019

PATEK PHILIPPE REF 5102G , CELESTIAL 18K WHITE GOLD AUTOMATIC

Automatic 18K white gold wristwatch with mean time indication, nocturnal sky chart of the Northern Hemisphere, moon phases and moon orbit, time of the meridian passage of Sirius and moon

Grading System:

HKD 1,100,000 - 1560000

CHF 133,000 - 197500

USD 135,000 - 200000

Brand Patek Philippe

Model Celestial

Reference Ref. 5102G

Year Circa 2007

Movement No. 3328346

Calibre  240/165

Case No. 4 391 943

Bracelet leather strap with Patek Philippe 18K white buckle

Caliber 240/165

Dimensions 43mm

Signature Dial, Case and Movement

Accessories Fitted original box and original certificate

Sold: HKD 1,480,000

Patek Philippe, Reference 5102, “Celestial” The “Celestial” model was introduced at the 2002 Basel Fair, under the Ref. 5102. Two years earlier, the “Star Caliber 2000” had made headlines as one of the most complicated pocket watches ever produced, featuring exact configurations of the nocturnal skies with its star movements, moon position and moon phases. This watch followed famous earlier supercomplicated Patek Philippe watches such as the “Packard” (1924), the “Graves Super-Complication” (1933) and the “Calibre 89” (1989). In April 2001 Patek Philippe had unveiled the “Sky Moon Tourbillon”, a “Grand Complication” wristwatch that displayed celestial motions with incredible accuracy. Benefiting from Patek’s experience in astronomy, mathematics and microengineering, the watch incorporated further miniaturised astronomical functions, combining them with a tourbillon regulator and a minute-repeater with long circumference “cathedral” gongs utilising a special steel alloy. The “Celestial” wristwatch displays the night sky of the Northern Hemisphere by utilizing 3 superimposed sapphire disks, which rotate at different speeds in order to show the angular motions of the stars and the moon as well as the moon phase progressions. The disks are covered by the front sapphire crystal with its inner ellipse, framing the visible portion of the skies above Geneva. The rotation speed of each disk required a particular transmission ratio to assure the greatest accuracy of the astronomic indications. Patek Philippe calculated 25 trillion ratio combinations to attain the highest degree of accuracy. The disks move as follows: - A counter-clockwise turn of the sky disc equals 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4,09892 seconds (sidereal day) and indicates the meridian passage of Sirius and the star positions. - A counter-clockwise revolution of the moon disc equals 24 hours, 50 minutes and 28,328 seconds (lunar day) and indicates the meridian passage and angular motion of the moon. - A clockwise half-turn of the moon phase equals 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes and 2,82 seconds, and indicates one full lunation. The “Celestial” movement consists of 301 hand-finished parts; all steel parts are beveled and polished. Production tolerances are extremely small; the teeth of every gear wheel are manually polished with a rotating hardwood disc. This not only creates a beautiful, perfectly smooth surface, it also reduces friction at critical points of contact, thus assuring precise indications and extended longevity of the watch. It takes several months to assemble a “Celestial” wristwatch and quantities are very limited due to the lengthy processes of assemblage and regulation. It is an utmost pleasure to wear this divinely complicated and precise miniature cosmos on the wrist.

LOT 613

Important Modern & Vintage Timepieces Hong Kong, Apr 28, 2019

UNSIGNED PAIR OF MATCHING MIRROR-IMAGE POCKET WATCHES MADE FOR THE CHINESE MARKET; GILDED SILVER, ENAMEL AND PEARLS

Gilded silver, enamel and pearl-set, open-face, key-winding, roundshaped, pair of matching mirror-image large pocket watches with dead-beat centre-seconds, made for the Chinese market. Polychrome painting on enamel on copper, by an unidentified workshop, probably Geneva, showing a tracery of multicoloured summer flowers and leaves on an azure blue background; fluted caseband; bezel set with half-pearls. Condition report (grading system, autumn 2018)

Grading System:

HKD 710,000 - 1068000

CHF 90,100 - 135000

USD 91,300 - 137000

Brand Unsigned

Year circa 1850

Movement No. 6 765 and 6 765

Calibre  each, 24''', gilded brass, engraved Chinese-style, with going barrel, duplex-Jacot escapement, monometallic balance (polished steel) with bluedsteel wings balance and blued steel flat hairspring

Case No. 6 765 and 6 765

Material gilded silver, enamel and pearls

Caliber each, 24''', gilded brass, engraved Chinese-style,with going barrel, duplex-Jacot escapement,monometallic balance (polished steel) with bluedsteelwings balance and blued steel flat hairspring

Dimensions Ø 63.5 mm

Accessories original fitted box

Sold: HKD 875,000

These watches were presented in 2010 in the Patek Philippe Museum, Geneva, during the exhibition The Mirror of Seduction, Prestigious pairs of “Chinese” Watches (May 15 ?? October 16). Bibliography Tellier, Arnaud, & Didier, Mélanie, Le Miroir de la séduction, Prestigieuses paires de montres « chinoises » ?? The Mirror of Seduction, Prestigious pairs of “Chinese” Watches, Geneva, Patek Philippe Museum Editions, 2010, pp. 134-135. Characteristic of the production of Val-de-Travers watchmakers, the numbering of pairs of watches is generally identical, except that second piece of the pair has a dot. Flowers bouquets, with or without couples of doves, are subjects often seen in the work Val-de-Travers watchmakers. Duplex-Jacot Escapement During the last quarter of the 18th century, several watchmakers tried to produce watches with dead centre-seconds hands, much in favour among the scientific community. The first attempt, made in Geneva by Jean-Moïse Pouzait (1743-1793), circa 1786, featured a lever escapement associated with a large seconds-beating balance (the model of this escapement was presented to the local Société des Arts). Due to its spectacular aspect, and in spite if its inertia sensitivity Pouzait’s escapement was much appreciated by the Chinese before the invention by Charles-Edouard Jacot (1817-1897), a watchmaker from La Chaux-de-Fonds (Neuchâtel mountains), circa 1840- 1850, of the so-called duplex-Jacot or “Chinese duplex” escapement, with double-tooth arrangement. The Jacot escapement, like any duplex escapement, is a frictional one the friction from the escape wheel is constantly present. Enabled inexpensive production of dead centre-second watches it was often used in the watches made for the Chinese market. Jacot, Charles Edouard (1817-1897), La Chaux de Fonds Charles Edouard Jacot worked in La Chaux de Fonds, Le Locle, Baltimore and New York. He was a prolific inventor and innovator, especially of escapement work. At the age of 19 he visited his cousin, the son of Abraham Perrelet, in Le Locle and became involved with watchmaking. In 1837, he went to New York City, where he was to stay for 20 years. Jacot invented a modification of the duplex escapement with a dead centre-seconds hand, known as the “Duplex-Jacot”, used extensively in watches made for the Chinese market (US invention Patent No. 9 150, July 27, 1852). While in America, he registered 12 American patents for perfecting the construction of watches, including the “star wheel duplex” escapement, patented on July 20, 1852, and a stop-watch feature, patented on June 8, 1858, by which time Jacot had already returned to Switzerland. There he founded the Jacot & Salzmann firm in La Chauxde-Fonds. By the 1870’s his firm was called Charles E. Jacot. One of the founders of the Société inter-cantonale des industries du Jura (Intercantonal Societies of Jurassian Industries) along with Longines. Charles Jacot died in August 1897.

LOT 614

Important Modern & Vintage Timepieces Hong Kong, Apr 28, 2019

PATEK PHILIPPE REF 5216R TOURBILLON, MINUTE REPEATER, PERPETUAL CALENDAR PINK GOLD

18K pink gold manual-winding wristwatch with one-minute tourbillon regulator and seven horological complications, including minuterepeater, retrograde date, perpetual calendar with leap-year and moon phases; 18K pink gold.

Grading System:

HKD 3,100,000 - 4600000

CHF 395,000 - 590000

USD 400,000 - 600000

Brand Patek Philippe

Reference Ref. 5216

Year Circa 2011

Movement No. 5 000 512

Calibre  RTO 27 PS QR

Case No. 4 544 405

Bracelet Leather strap with 18K pink gold Patek Philippe clasp

Caliber RTO 27 PS QR

Dimensions Ø 40 mm

Signature Dial,Case and Movement

Accessories Extract from the Archives

Sold: HKD 4,000,000

18K pink gold, manual-winding, round-shaped, gentleman’s wristwatch, sapphire-crystal snap-on case-back, with subsidiary seconds at 6, a one-minute tourbillon regulator and seven horological complications: - Minute-repeater on two steel gongs (activated by the slide at 9 o’clock) - Half-instantaneous perpetual calendar à guichets (with apertures) - Retrograde (fly-back) date of the month (three-quarter circle graduation in the centre) - Day of the week (aperture at 9 o’clock; indications given in English) - Month of the year (aperture at 3 o’clock; indications given in English) - Four-year cycle of leap-years (aperture at 12 o’clock) - Phases of the moon (aperture at 6 o’clock) Opaline silvered dial set with gold sword-shaped indexes. The Extract from the Archives, dated March 12, 2019, mentioned that this watch was sold on July 4, 2011. Patek Philippe, Reference 5216 This reference is launched in 2011 (presented during Baselworld) and remained in production until circa 2011. It’s part of the “Grand Complication” collection. Its’ a wristwatch with minute-repeater, tourbillon regulator, perpetual calendar with retrograde date, leap-year indicator and moon phases, fitted with the calibre R TO 27 PS QR LU. This watch follows in the footsteps of the Ref. 5016 that was launched in 1993 and in the past 18 years has been greatly admired. Until the Sky Moon Tourbillon was introduced in 2001, the Ref. 5016 was the Patek Philippe’s most complicated wristwatch. This model was wanted by Philippe Stern in the late 1980s, at the time of the 150th anniversary of the manufacture, event marked by the creation of “Calibre 89”, the most complicated watch in the world. The Ref. 5016 was a wristwatch of a new type, the most complicated ever, having with its one-minute tourbillon regulator no previous antecedent. In 2011, the new Reference 5216 occupies rank 4 in this category, behind the “Sky Moon Tourbillon” Ref. 5002, the new “Triple Complication” Ref. 5208 and the Ref. 5207, first presented in 2008. In 2017, Patek Philippe has redesigned this famous “Grand Complication”, under the Reference 5316. It sports a new platinum case with a two-tier bezel and lugs as well as a black enamel dial with an aperture for the enamel lunar disk. The retrograde date is indicated by an unusual hand with a diamond-shaped tip. As can be seen by looking at the three models, the diameter of the case has been increased each time. On the one hand, it meets the expectations of the market. On the other hand, it allows this amplifies the chime and enhances sonority and fullness of the tone. To sum up: - Reference 5016 (Ø 36.8 mm.), launched in 1993, produced in platinum, 18K white, pink and yellow gold; the watches featured silvered or black dials with numerals matching the case. We can think that approximately 200 examples were manufactured until production ended in 2011. One stainless steel version, Ref. 5016 A, was especially made in 2015 for the caritative auction Only Watch (sold for the amount of CHF 7 300 000.-). • Reference 5216 (Ø 39.5 mm.), launched in 2011, first produced in pink gold and later in platinum. We can deduce that approximately 200 examples were manufactured until today. Just like Ref. 5016, the Ref. 5216 is one of the “must” of any wristwatch collection. The readability of its dial is remarkable thanks to the presentation by apertures (“à guichets”) of its perpetual calendar with indication of the leap year and its retrograde date.